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How Does Autoclave Sterilization Work?

June 24th, 2019 in Autoclave Basics and Operation

When we think of sterilization, we tend to think of very hot water, sterilizing soaps or acidic liquids like vinegar and lemon juice. But for professions where sterilization is required by law due to the risks of contaminated equipment, sterilization is a precise process. The modern way that dentists, doctors, veterinarians, and tattoo artists sterilize their equipment is with a machine called an autoclave. Autoclaves are specialized equipment that help to achieve a proficient level of sterilization of tools, equipment and supplies.

How does an Autoclave work?

An autoclave uses pressure and heat to kill any bacteria, viruses or other organic matter that may be present on a variety of tools or instruments. The autoclave has a large pressure chamber in which these objects are placed. Once sealed, steam is released. This steam is usually as hot as 130 degrees Celsius, and creates a large amount of pressure within the chamber. This combination of pressure and heat is able to kill germs, after about 20 minutes or so, that regular washing does not.

In more detail, once the autoclave is closed and sealed off, a pump pulls all the air from inside the chamber, creating a vacuum. Once this has been achieved, the steam is pumped into the chamber under high pressure and temperature. A thermostat will wait for the internal temperature to reach its desired target, before beginning the timer on its cycle. Steam is continuously cycled through the chamber as the cycle continues. Once the timer is up, the steam is pumped out, and the contents can sit to dry.

If you are in need of autoclave sales for your business, make sure you seek out a reliable and quality sterilization equipment dealer such as Alpha Scientific. The experts will help to determine which autoclave is best for your needs and your use.